40.2 – Jerusalem (445 BC)

Use these links to view a map of Jerusalem through the ages. Be sure to read the descriptions below the map.
Map 1 | Map 2 | Map 3 | Map 4 | Map 5 |

  • In 966 BC, Solomon replaced the tabernacle with a temple of stone cut from the quarries of Timnah, about 130 miles south of Jerusalem. (). All the stonework was done at the quarry so that the sound of metal and stone would not be heard at the temple site. Cedar was brought in from Lebanon. The temple was massive and ornate and took 6 years to build. Solomon’s palace, located just south of the temple, took 13 years to build ()
  • As the city population grew, the walls were extended to enclose the homes and buildings that were built outside the city wall.
  • Because of their relentless idolatry, in 722 BC, King Sennacherib of Assyria attacked the northern 10 tribes of Israel, conquered them, and exiled them to slavery in Assyria. They never returned (). The King of Assyria then attacked Jerusalem, but because Hezekiah was a righteous king, God allowed Jerusalem to prevail. In order to prepare for the war, King Hezekiah dispatched two teams to dig a tunnel through solid rock in order to bring water from the Gihon Spring (outside the city) into the Pool of Siloam (inside the city). The tunnel was completed in 701 BC ()
  • In 586 BC, because of their idolatry, Jerusalem fell to Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, and its inhabitants were exiled to slavery in Babylon. The temple was destroyed, but rebuilt 70 years later by decree of Cyrus the Persian. Unlike the northern kingdom of Israel, the southern kingdom of Judah that had been exiled to Babylon was allowed to return to their homeland. ().

This map depicts the wall of Jerusalem that Nehemiah rebuilt in 445 BC. Despite fierce opposition, he completed the wall in 53 days. The small section of the wall colored in blue still stands today. It can be seen on the Jerusalem page.


6:1 In the four hundred and eightieth year after the people of Israel came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, he began to build the house of the Lord. (ESV)


7:1 Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished his entire house. (ESV)


17:1 Now Elijah the Tishbite, of Tishbe in Gilead, said to Ahab, “As the Lord, the God of Israel, lives, before whom I stand, there shall be neither dew nor rain these years, except by my word.” And the word of the Lord came to him: “Depart from here and turn eastward and hide yourself by the brook Cherith, which is east of the Jordan. You shall drink from the brook, and I have commanded the ravens to feed you there.” So he went and did according to the word of the Lord. He went and lived by the brook Cherith that is east of the Jordan. And the ravens brought him bread and meat in the morning, and bread and meat in the evening, and he drank from the brook. And after a while the brook dried up, because there was no rain in the land.

Then the word of the Lord came to him, “Arise, go to Zarephath, which belongs to Sidon, and dwell there. Behold, I have commanded a widow there to feed you.” 10 So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, behold, a widow was there gathering sticks. And he called to her and said, “Bring me a little water in a vessel, that I may drink.” 11 And as she was going to bring it, he called to her and said, “Bring me a morsel of bread in your hand.” 12 And she said, “As the Lord your God lives, I have nothing baked, only a handful of flour in a jar and a little oil in a jug. And now I am gathering a couple of sticks that I may go in and prepare it for myself and my son, that we may eat it and die.” 13 And Elijah said to her, “Do not fear; go and do as you have said. But first make me a little cake of it and bring it to me, and afterward make something for yourself and your son. 14 For thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, ‘The jar of flour shall not be spent, and the jug of oil shall not be empty, until the day that the Lord sends rain upon the earth.’” 15 And she went and did as Elijah said. And she and he and her household ate for many days. 16 The jar of flour was not spent, neither did the jug of oil become empty, according to the word of the Lord that he spoke by Elijah.

17 After this the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, became ill. And his illness was so severe that there was no breath left in him. 18 And she said to Elijah, “What have you against me, O man of God? You have come to me to bring my sin to remembrance and to cause the death of my son!” 19 And he said to her, “Give me your son.” And he took him from her arms and carried him up into the upper chamber where he lodged, and laid him on his own bed. 20 And he cried to the Lord, “O Lord my God, have you brought calamity even upon the widow with whom I sojourn, by killing her son?” 21 Then he stretched himself upon the child three times and cried to the Lord, “O Lord my God, let this child’s life come into him again.” 22 And the Lord listened to the voice of Elijah. And the life of the child came into him again, and he revived. 23 And Elijah took the child and brought him down from the upper chamber into the house and delivered him to his mother. And Elijah said, “See, your son lives.” 24 And the woman said to Elijah, “Now I know that you are a man of God, and that the word of the Lord in your mouth is truth.” (ESV)


20 The rest of the deeds of Hezekiah and all his might and how he made the pool and the conduit and brought water into the city, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? (ESV)


23 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, ‘The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever is among you of all his people, may the Lord his God be with him. Let him go up.’” (ESV)