40.3 – Jerusalem (30 AD)
- By the time of Christ, King Herod the Great had expanded the Second Temple making it into a gloriously large structure, much larger than Solomon’s temple. It included Antonia’s Fortress to the north.
- Hezekiah’s tunnel still fed the Pool of Siloam (where Jesus healed the blind man in )
- On the west side of the city, Herod built the Citadel Towers and his palace just to the south.
- The traditional spot for Calvary was just outside the city wall, on the northwest side of the city.
- The Pool of Bathesda (where Jesus healed the lame man who couldn’t reach the waters that were stirred by the angel) was on the north side of the Temple ()
- Despite the excess and disrespectful sacrifices conducted in the Temple, Jesus called it “His Father’s house” (, John 2:16)
- After rejecting Christ, the Temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD, just as Jesus had prophesied in ).
This map depicts the walls of Jerusalem in the time of Christ.
7 and said to him, “Go, wash in the pool of Siloam” (which means Sent). So he went and washed and came back seeing. (ESV)
2 Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool, in Aramaic called Bethesda, which has five roofed colonnades. (ESV)
49 And he said to them, “Why were you looking for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” (ESV)
24:1 Jesus left the temple and was going away, when his disciples came to point out to him the buildings of the temple. 2 But he answered them, “You see all these, do you not? Truly, I say to you, there will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.” (ESV)